rfid fritzing
Internet of Things,  Tutorials

Connecting RFID Scanner to PHP using NodeMcu Wifi Module

In this tutorial, we will learn how to connect your RFID RC522 to your PHP Apps with the use of NodeMcu ESP12.

This tutorial covers how to set up the RFID. You will also learn how to connect RFID to PHP and insert data to Mysql database.


Video Demonstration


NodeMcu Wifi Module
Arduino RFID Library for MFRC522 (SPI)
Arduino IDE
Arduino Core for NodeMCU ESP-12E Using Arduino Boards Manager
Led Lights
220 Ohm to 1000 ohm resistor
Jumper Wires

Download Sourcecode here: NodeMcu,RFID, PHP Source Code (7082 downloads)


After preparing the requirements, connect your RFID RC522 to your NodeMcu. Follow the diagram below.


rfid fritzing

RFID NodeMcu
3.3V 3.3V

 The Yellow light will serve as an indicator that we have successfully connected to wifi.  Green indicates that the request to the server has been sent successfully. Red light indicates that our HTTP request failed / our server did not return “success”.

Led Pin NodeMcu
Led w/ 220ohm Resistor (Red) D0
Led w/ 220ohm Resistor (Green) D1
Led w/ 220ohm Resistor (Yellow) D8


Setting up Arduino and adding RFID Library

We need to add esp8266 to our Arduino IDE. Open up your IDE then go to “File -> Preferences” or simply hit “Ctrl + comma”

Paste http://arduino.esp8266.com/stable/package_esp8266com_index.json in additional board manager URLs. Close and restart your Arduino IDE

Plug in your NodeMcu to your computer. You will notice that your RFID scanner will light up.


Selecting Port and Board

Go to Tools -> Port and select the COM Port of your NodeMCU. If you are not sure what port your NodeMcu is plugged in, go to Device Manager -> Ports (COM & LPT)

Now select NodeMcu 1.0 (ESP-12E Module) by clicking Tools -> Board. Scroll down until you find it.


Extracting MFRC522 Library

Extract the MFRC522 library to your Arduino Libraries folder. The libraries folder is located in C:\Program Files (x86)\Arduino. (Assuming it is the installation path of your Arduino IDE).

Restart your Arduino IDE


Modifying the Codes

Open up the codes attached in Arduino IDE. Change the following lines of code.
Since our RFID Scanner will be wireless, we need a way to transmit the data to our web server. Our NodeMcu will automatically connect to your wifi.

We will send the decimal value of our card uuid to our server by sending a POST request. The URL must be changed to where you deployed our PHP codes. I run XAMPP on my computer. I inputted my LAN IP address.

In our connect.php file in rfid folder. Change the following database credentials.


After modifying the codes, plugin your NodeMCU, and on Arduino ID, click the upload button.


Deploying our PHP Web App

Start your Apache and Mysql in XAMPP Control Panel. Copy paste the rfid folder provided in your htdocs folder. Create a new database named rfid in your PHPMyAdmin. Import the rfid.sql file. If you do not know how to import an SQL file in PHPMyAdmin, simply click on your database, click “Import -> Choose File -> Click rfid.sql -> Open -> Go”


If you have done the steps above properly, you should be able to see the logs in http://localhost/rfid/viewlogs.php

That’s it. Enjoy.


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